• 1. Thyroplasty - A surgical technique designed to improve the voice by altering the cartilages

    of the larynx (the voice box), which houses the vocal folds (the vocal cords) in order to

    change the position or length of the vocal folds.

    2. Myrigoplasty - Myringoplasty is the closure of the perforation of pars tensa of the tympanic


    3. Mastoidectomy - A mastoidectomy is a surgical procedure that removes diseased mastoid

    air cells. These cells sit behind your ear in a hollow space in your skull. The diseased cells

    are often the result of an ear infection that has spread into your skull. The infection

    sometimes spreads to the temporal bone.

    4. Stapedectomy - A stapedectomy is a surgical procedure of the middle ear performed in

    order to improve hearing. If the stapes footplate is fixed in position, rather than being

    normally mobile, then a conductive hearing loss results. There are two major causes of

    stapes fixation.

    5. Tympanoplasty - Tympanoplasty, also called eardrum repair, refers to surgery performed

    to reconstruct a perforated tympanic membrane (eardrum) or the small bones of the middle

    ear. Eardrum perforation may result from chronic infection or, less commonly, from trauma

    to the eardrum.

    6. LASIK - Corrective eye surgery in which a flap of the corneal surface is raised and a thin

    layer of underlying tissue is removed using a laser.