• 1. Laproscopic radical nephrectomy – It is the minimally invasive surgical removal of an entire

    kidney, and often the surrounding fat, adrenal gland and lymph nodes. Typically performed

    as a treatment for cancer of the kidney.

    2. Laproscopic Nephroureterectomy – It is the minimally invasive surgical removal of a kidney

    together with its ureter. This operation is performed for cancer of the kidney pelvis or


    3. Percutaneous Nephrolithotripsy - Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy, or PCNL, is a

    procedure for removing medium-sized or larger renal calculi (kidney stones) from the

    patient's urinary tract by means of an nephroscope passed into the kidney through a track

    created in the patient's back.

    4. Laproscopic nephrectomy – Nephrectomy is the surgical procedure of removing a kidney or

    section of a kidney.

    5. Tension free vaginal tape - Placement of tension-free vaginal tape is surgery to help

    control stress urinary incontinence. This is urine leakage that happens when you laugh,

    cough, sneeze, lift things, or exercise. The surgery helps close your urethra and bladder

    neck. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside.